The Informed Consent Process in Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A review
Alabdouli, Fatma Saleh Abdulrahman
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Abstract: Informed consent is an essential process in observing the ethical issues in a medical facility. However, there is scanty of information on how the process is carried out. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)is a widely known revascularization process. The process requires informed consent between the patients and the doctors to be executed. Therefore, the study conducted a systematic review of the available sources in the selected database to determine the patient’s and cardiologist's views of the informed consent process in PCI. The findings from the reviews of the 14 papers, most patients did not understand the ethical and legal principles behind the informed consent process in over 50% of the papers. Besides, the patients overestimated the benefits forget the risks associated, and lack information on the available alternative methods. In most scenarios, the patients are unaware of the procedure and the cardiologists fail to involve the patients in the process. The results demonstrated the lack of partnership between the cardiologists and the patients in the decision-making process. Therefore, there is a need for partnership between the patients and the doctors in the informed consent process.