A Simple Practical Guide to Genomic Diagnostics in a Pediatric Setting
Tayoun, Ahmad Abou
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Abstract: With limited access to trained clinical geneticists and/or genetic counselors in the majority of healthcare systems globally, and the expanding use of genetic testing in all specialties of medicine, many healthcare providers do not receive the relevant support to order the most appropriate genetic test for their patients. Therefore, it is essential to educate all healthcare providers about the basic concepts of genetic testing and how to properly utilize this testing for each patient. Here, we review the various genetic testing strategies and their utilization based on different clinical scenarios, and test characteristics, such as the types of genetic variation identified by each test, turnaround time, and diagnostic yield for different clinical indications. Additional considerations such as test cost, insurance reimbursement, and interpretation of variants of uncertain significance are also discussed. The goal of this review is to aid healthcare providers in utilizing the most appropriate, fastest, and most cost-effective genetic test for their patients, thereby increasing the likelihood of a timely diagnosis and reducing the financial burden on the healthcare system by eliminating unnecessary and redundant testing.