Clinical guidance and an evidence-based approach for restoration of worn dentition by direct composite resin
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Abstract: This paper aims to provide the dentist with practical guidance on the technique for direct composite restoration of worn teeth. It is based on current evidence and includes practical advice regarding type of composite, enamel and dentine preparation, dentine bonding and stent design. The application of direct composite has the advantage of being additive, conserving as much of the remaining worn tooth as possible, ease of placement and adjustment, low maintenance and reversibility. A pragmatic approach to management is advocated, particularly as many of the cases are older patients with advanced wear. Several cases restored by direct composite build-ups illustrate what can be achieved. The restoration of the worn dentition may be challenging for many dentists. Careful planning and simple treatment strategies, however, can prove to be highly effective and rewarding. By keeping any intervention as simple as possible, problems with high maintenance are avoided and management of future failure is made easier. An additive rather than a subtractive treatment approach is more intuitive for worn down teeth. Traditional approaches of full-mouth rehabilitation with indirect cast or milled restorations may still have their place but complex treatment modalities will inevitably be more time consuming, more costly, possibly require specialist care and still have an unpredictable outcome. Composite resin restorations are a universal restorative material familiar to dentists from early-on in the undergraduate curriculum. This review paper discusses the application of composite to restore the worn dentition.