EDTA conditioning of circumpulpal dentine induces dentinogenic events in pulpotomized miniature swine teeth
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Aim: To investigate pulp responses after pulpotomy and EDTA conditioning of pulp chamber dentinal walls with or without the placement of a collagenous scaffold in the experimental model of miniature swine teeth. Methodology: Forty-two fully developed permanent premolars and molars of healthy miniature swines were used. After preparation of pulp exposures through Class I cavities, the tissue of the pulp chamber was completely removed. The haemorrhage was controlled, and the root pulp was protected using a polyurethane film. The circumpulpal pulp chamber dentine was treated for 3 min with normal saline (group 1), or 17% EDTA solution (groups 2 and 3). The film was removed, and the pulp chamber cavities were left empty (groups 1 and 2), or filled with swine collagenous sponge (group 3). The access cavities were restored with a Teflon disc and glass ionomer. Teeth were evaluated histo-morphologically after 10 weeks. Data were compared using the nonparametric Fisher’s exact test. Results: Teeth after treatment of dentine with saline (group 1) were associated with no or only traces of hard tissue formation along the root canal walls. Atubular tertiary dentine deposition in the form of matrix deposition along root canal walls, or dentine bridge formation at the orifice of root canals or complete pulp canal obliteration, was found after treatment of dentine with EDTA in both experiments (groups 2 and 3). Significantly different types of mineralization in the root canals of groups 2 and 3 were seen (P = 0.001). Tissue changes in the pulp cavity,characterized by soft tissue growth and osteodentine or atubular tertiary dentine formation, were only seen after EDTA conditioning of dentine, in 6.2% of the teeth without scaffold and 64.7% of the teeth with scaffold application. Newly deposited mineralized matrix in the pulp chamber was always in continuation with hard tissue deposited in the root canals. Conclusions: The EDTA conditioning of pulp cavity dentinal walls after pulpotomy induced dentinogenic events in the root pulp. Application of collagenous scaffold in the pulp chamber enhanced soft tissue growth and mineralized tissue formation along the treated circumpulpal dentine.