In vitro spectrophotometric evaluation of Vivera® clear thermoplastic retainer discolouration
Athanasiou, Athanasios E.
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Aims: To investigate the in vitro effect of different staining solutions on the colour stability of Vivera® retainers. Methods: Thirty flat specimens fabricated using the Vivera® material (Align Technology Inc., CA, USA) were assigned into five Groups (A, B, C, D and E) and immersed at 37°C in solutions of distilled water (control), coffee, tea, red wine, and Coca-Cola®. The CIE colour parameters (L*, a*, b*) of each specimen were measured before immersion (T0) and after 12 hours (T1), three days (T2) and seven days (T3) of solution exposure. Colour differences (ΔΕ) between the interval groups were calculated. Results: Significant differences were observed concerning (i) L* between T3 and T0, T1 and T2 for Group B; (ii) a* between T0 and T1, T2 and T3 for Groups B, C, D and E, as well as between T1 and T2 for Group C; and (iii) b* between T0 and T1, T2 and T3 for Group B and between T0 and T2 and T3 for Group C. The differences between ΔΕ(T1-T0), ΔΕ(T2-T0) and ΔΕ(T3-T0) were statistically significant for Groups B and C, as well as the difference between ΔΕ(T1-T0) and ΔΕ(T2-T0) for Group D. Conclusions: Coffee, tea and red wine caused visible changes in the retainers’ colour.