Analysis of risk factors, presentation, and in-hospital events of very young patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Alsheikh-Ali, Alawi A.
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Introduction: In the Indian subcontinent and Arab Gulf, coronary artery disease is affecting younger persons at greater rates. Few studies have focused on young ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients in these regions. We examine the clinical profile and treatment of STEMI patients aged <40 years. Methods: Participants consisted of 77 STEMI patients, aged <40 years, admitted to hospitals in Abu Dhabi. Data were collected using electronic medical records. Descriptive statistics were calculated for STEMI profile, medical history, risk factors, in-hospital events, and treatment. Results: Smoking was prevalent (61.0%). Beta blockers were frequently prescribed (90.7%); aspirin infrequently (12%). Of patients without history of each condition, 36.7% were diagnosed in-hospital with hypertension, 28.6% with elevated low-density lipoprotein, and 18.8% with lowered high-density lipoprotein. Conclusions: Among young adults who use tobacco, there is a need for improved screening for risk factors. Earlier detection and treatment of dyslipidemia and hypertension could prevent acute cardiac events among individuals aged <40 years with multiple risk factors.