Inflammatory response to epoxy resin and calcium silicate sealers preheated with different temperatures: an in vivo study
Amre R., Atmeh
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Abstract Objective: To determine the impact of heat exposure of different sealers on inflammatory cytokine secretions and tissue response in vivo. Materials and methods: Silicone tubes were prefilled with epoxy resin (ER) or calcium silicate (CS) sealers, preheated at 37, 60, or 120 °C, and implanted in rat subcutaneous site. Peri-implant exudate and tissue were analyzed after 1 and 4 weeks for cytokine secretions and tissue organization. Results: At 1 week, 120 °C-preheated CS and ER induced higher secretions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6), respectively, as compared to sham/empty tube groups. At 4 weeks, whereas TNF-α secretion was reduced in CS, it increased in ER group, particularly for 120 °C. Both sealers revealed high IL-6 after 4 weeks as compared to sham/empty tube, and generally, higher IL-6 secretions were associated with ER. Histology at 1 week revealed lower degree of inflammatory infiltrate in the groups of the highest preheating temperature (120 °C). Nonetheless, at 4 weeks, whereas fibrous capsule area and inflammatory infiltrate remained low in the CS120 group, they were high in ER120. Conclusion: Preheating ER sealer to 120 °C induced high and prolonged secretion of proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-α and IL-6), whereas this effect was transient for the CS sealer. This was associated with increased fibrous capsule and inflammatory infiltrate in response to 120 °C-preheated ER. Clinical relevance: Heat-induced changes in sealer properties alter the inflammatory response in vivo, which may affect the clinical outcome. This will not only help appropriate selection of obturation technique for different sealers, but also for optimizing the properties of new generation of sealers.