Information on the epidemiology of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) in the Arabian Gulf region, which has an elevated rate of consanguinity and type II diabetes, is scarce.
To assess the prevalence of FH, its management, and impact on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) outcomes in a multicenter cohort of Arabian Gulf patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Patients (N53224) hospitalized with ACS were studied. FH was diagnosed using the DutchLipid Clinic Network criteria. A composite endpoint of nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, transient is chemicattack, and mortality between the ‘‘probable/definite’’ and the ‘‘unlikely’’ FH patients was assessed after 1 year. Analyses were performed using univariate and multivariate statistical techniques.
At admission, the proportion of ‘‘probable/definite’’, ‘‘possible’’, and ‘‘unlikely’’ FH in ACSpatients was 3.7% (n5119), 28% (n5911), and 68% (n52194), respectively. Overall, 54% (n51730) of patients had diabetes, whereas 24% (n5783) were current smokers. The ‘‘probable/definite’’ FH group was younger (50 vs 63 years;P,.001), had a greater prevalence of early coronary disease (38% vs 8.8%;P,.001), and previous statin use (87% vs 57%;P,.001) when compared with the ‘‘unlikely’’ FH group.After 1 year, the ‘‘probable/definite’’ FH cohort had worse lipid control (13% vs 23%;P,.001) and presented with a greater association with the composite ASCVD endpoint when compared with the “unlikely” FH group (odds ratio: 1.85; 95% confidence interval: 1.01–3.38; P = .047) after multivariable adjustment.
In Arabian Gulf citizens, FH was common in ACS patients, was undertreated, and was associated with a worse 1-year prognosis.||en_US